The balance between nature and technology has always been a source of tension for us humans; we create the technology but it threatens to consume us. This is the Zoo Human Syndrome. The theme is rich in history, and never more significant than in our present and future. The Unzoo position of "go back to move forward" accepts the evolutionary context as the key vehicle for integrating nature with our tools/technology, as opposed to technology being used by humans to dominate nature. Remove the tension, then move forward.
The Unzoo Mantra is: "undo the zoo by working with nature" We do this by applying an evolutionary context to reverse our "nature versus technology" condition into a better integration of humanity and our tools.
So how do we apply this to our modern day Frankenstein, the smartphone? Is the smartphone really a Frankenstein even? It is if it has become your zoo - a technological cage that subverts your human nature. Have you here the term "phubbing"? Its when two or more people snub each other in favour of interacting with their smartphones. Smartphones can be very zoo, they can remove you from the here and now, serve no primal purpose, and create negative mental states in a variety of ways. Constant connection, interruptive alerts, addiction to updates, losing time are just some examples of the smartphone zoo.
Think of what our tools are meant to do for us; extend our natural abilities to help us complete an existential task. Think of the chimp using a stick as a tool to extend its reach into places its fingers can't reach so that it can feed on termites in a termite hill. That's an Unzoo tool - it satisfies a primal need, extends our abilities, and roots us in the here and now.
I have gone back to using the smartphone as a tool. So I kept the phone. And the camera. And anything else I would use to make my life a bit more functional; txts, clocks/alarms, a calendar, map, note taker, weather, calculators, fitness tools such as Apnea trainer, GymBoss, Strava, some music apps such as Spotify, and a guitar tuner. Even The Internet, for when I need it. That's about it. Stuff I can use in the here and now that makes my life work a bit better. Note this approach is different to another method of "smartphone mindfulness" where you lock your phone in a box and try to go cold turkey. That's just like having treats in the pantry locked up but still there, calling out to you. The best way to deal with temptations in the pantry are just to get rid of them.
I got rid of stuff that takes me away from the here and now; social media - goodbye Facebook, Instagram and whatever. Goodbye media - youtube, news apps, on demand apps. I can look at all that stuff on a PC or TV later.
Guess what. It works. Take the zoo stuff off your phone and it goes back to being just a tool, and you end up not needing to fill all the space in your day with empty digital noise. That's the thing with technology, just because you can do it doesn't mean you need to or should.